001
ed For Release 2000/08/08: CIA-RDP9 89R0022 7 01-8
Final Report- -objective
Covering the Period
POSSIBLE
A REMOTE VIEWING
A REPLICATION
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1 October 1985 to 30 September 1987
PHOTON PRODUCTION DURING
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EXPERIMENT (U)
December 1987
TOTAL QUALITY
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ABSTRACT (U)
~Attempting to verify a claim by the Chinese that light is
emitted in the vicinity of correctly identified remote viewing (RV) target
material, we repeated an experiment first published in FY 1984. In that
earlier experiment, a state-of-the-art, ambient temperature, photon
counting system was used to monitor the target material (35-mm slides of
National Geographic Magazine photographs) . The statistical measure derived
from the photon counting apparatus in that study showed a significant
positive correlation with the RV results (p :!!~ 0.035). That is, when the
remote viewing was good, there was an increase in the signal detected by
the photon-counting system. In addition, we observed two anomalous pulses
having a signal-to-noise ratio of about 20:1 to 40:1. In the present
experiment (FY 1987), we improved all hardware aspects of the previous
work, substantially reducing the background noise level and improving
shielding against artifact. In addition, analysis of the remote viewing
indicates that three out of the four viewers produced independently
significant results. Our analysis of the photomultiplier tube (PMT) data
shows no evidence of any anomalous high count rate pulses, no evidence of
any effect on the PMT output during the RV session, and no evidence of any
significant correlation between RV performance and PMT output. We conclude
that (1) the effect proposed by the Chinese is artifactual in nature.
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III RESULTS (U)
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A. (U) Remote Viewing Results
(U) Each RV session was judged using an FM analysis. The FM is defined as the product
of two measures: accuracy and reliability. The accuracy of an RV response is the fraction of the
target material that is described correctly. Reliability is the fraction of the response that is correct.
Tables I through 4 show the RV results for each trial. The session number (9 00 1.cr, for example)
incorporates a code for each viewer as well as the chronological sequence of viewings.
Table 1
(U) REMOTE VIEWING RESULTS FOR VIEWER 009
Session Figure of MeritP-value
9001.1g 0.5714 0.0238
9002.lg 0.3810 0.1961
9003.1g 0.4444 0.0497
9004.1g 0.3333 0.3650
9005.lg 0.0667 0.9233
9006.lg 0.3556 - 0,2697
Overall p
< 0.0450
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Table 2
(U) REMOTE VIEWING RESULTS FOR VIEWER 105
Session Figure of Meri p-value
t
9001.rs 0.4571 0.0412
9002.rs 0.1667 0.3486
9003.rs 0.1600 0.3618
9004.rs 0.3333 0.1039
9005.rs 0.0000 1.0000
9006,rs 0.3810 0.0475
overall P
< 0.0488
Table 3
(U) REMOTE VIEWING RESULTS FOR VIEWER 177
Session Figure of Merit p-value
9001.hs 0.4444 0.2430
9002.hs 0.1143 0.9579
9003,hs 0.3810 0.2978
9004.hs 0.5000 0.2392
9005.hs 0.5952 0.0677
9006.hs 0.6429 0.0136
overall p
< 0.0385
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Table 4
(U) REMOTE VIEWING RESULTS FOR VIEWER 807
lot
Session Figure of Merit p-value
9001.cr 0.0000 1.0000
9002.cr 0.3333 0.2267
9003.cr 0.5208 0.0240
9004.cr 0.0833 0.7494
9005.cr 0.3750 0.1321
9006.cr 0.1333 0.5911
Overall p
< 0.1895,
n.s.
(U) From the FM analysis performed for our FY 1984 experiment, we determined that by
computing the p-value for each FM we could determine an average p for each viewer and for all
sessions combined. The overall probability of obtaining that average p-value was then calculated,
either by an exact method for small numbers of sessionS7 or by using the central limit theorem for
greater than 20 sessions.8 In the current analysis, an additional test of significance, the Fisher
Chi-square technique,8 has been added to supplement the probability associated with average
p-value for a given series.
&The overall P-values given for each viewer's series as shown in
Tables 1 through 4 were calculated using the Fisher Chi-square technique.
Averaging all p-values for all sessions yielded p(avg.) = 0.3437. Using
the central-limit theorem, the probability associated with that average
value is p :!~~ 0.004. Using the Fisher Chi-square method, a p-value of _<
0.0036 was calculated for all 24 sessions, indicating good agreement
between techniques. We observed that three out of the four viewers
independently produced significant results. Such an outcome is an
extremely rare event. If the probability of success is p :!!~ 0.05, the
binomial probability of obtaining three out of four successful results is p
< 0.00048. These individual and overall remote viewing results are
substantially better than were achieved in the FY 1984 study.
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