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SG1B
SG1J CONFIDENTIAL/NOFORN
From: DT-ACO
To: DT (Dr. orona
Subject: Scalar Waves
Ref : Verbal Request for Summary Statement on Scalar Waves
J., (C) Pier reference, the writer will provide a summary below of his
understanding of the nattire of scalar waves. These are unconventional waves
that are not necessarily a contradiction to Maxwell's equations (as some have
suggested), but might represent an extension to Maxwell Is understanding at the
time. If realizable, the scalar wave could represent a new form of wave
propagation that could penetrate sea water, resulting in a new method of
submarine communications and possibly a new form of technology for ASW. Thus
the potential applications are of high interest to the U.S. R&D Community and
the Intelligence Community, particularly if some promise is shown to their
realizability.
2. (C/NF) There is a community in the U.S. that believes that the scalar
waves are realizable. In a recent conference sponsored by the IEEE these were
openly discussed and a proceedings on the conference exists. The conference
was dedicated to Nicola Tesla and his work, and the papers presented claimed
some of Tesla's work used scalar wavo rnnrontz Thim t ere is an implied
"Tesla Connection" in all of this.
X Wa t 151 V"A
The energy p2.r second crossing a unit area whose normal is uriented in
-the direction of S is the energy flow in the EM wave.
A scalar wave has no time varying B field. (In some cases it also has no
E field.) Thus it has no energy propagated in the EM wave form. It must be
recognized, however, that any vector could be added that could integrate to
zero over a closed surface and the Poynting theorem still applies. Thus there
is some ambiguity in even stating
f = t
is the total EM energy flow.
SG1B
(U) The scalar wave could be accompanied by a vector potential T.and E and let-
B remain zero in the far field.
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3. (U) The scalar wave, as the writer understands, is not an electromagnetic
wave. An electromagnetic (EM) wave has both electric (E) fields and magnetic
(B) fields and power flow in EM waves is by means of the Poynting vector, as
follows:
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From EM theory we can write as follows:
A/
C 3t A I
In this caseO is the scalar (electric) potential and A is the (magnetic)
vector potential.
Maxwell's equations than predict
V . (Scalar Potential Waves)
- Sto,
V 7Ar- - (Vector Potential Waves)
COX
A solution appears to exist for the special case of E=O, B=O, and VxA=O,
for a new wave satisfying
A VS
0
S then satisfies
S2 S = 0
Mathematically S is a "potential" with a wave equation, one that suggests
propagation of this wave even through
E = 8 = 0
and the Poynting theorem indicates no EM power flow.
5. (U) From paragraph 4 above there is the suggestion of a solution to
Maxwell's equations involving a scalar wave with potential S that can
propagate without Poynting vector EM power flow. But the question arises as
to where the energy is drawn from to sustain such a flow of energy. A vector
that integrates to zero over a closed surface might be added in the theory, as
suggested in para 3 above. Another is the possibility of drawing energy from
the vacuum, assuming net energy could be drawn from "free space." Quantum
mechanics allows random energy in free space but conventional EM theory has
not allowed this to date. Random energy in free space that is built of force
fields that sum to zero is a possible approach. If so, these might be a
source of energy to drive the S waves drawn from "free space." A number of
engineer/scientists in the community suggested in para 2 are now claiming
this. A chief proponent of this is Lt Col Tom Bearden, who also lectured at
the IEEE Tesla Symposium. He is known for his "Fer-de-Lance" briefing on
"Soviet Scalar Weapons."
6. (U) In summary, scalar waves refer to non-EM waves with the potential for
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unconventional wave propagation. They appear to have some properties of
soliton waves: they may not attenuate like EM waves do. Their existence is
not proven, but if they exist their energy source is not clear. They have a
quantum-mechanical flavor about them.
7. (U) If such scalar waves exist than they will be transformed via
collective phenomena from microsco ic waves to macroscopic waves, as in the
case of Josephson junction theory Moper pair electron effects). They will
also behave like longitudinal waves in a plasma and grow via propagation on a
non-optical branch of the w-k space. They will result from collective
henomena, and (as in pl*asma waves) grow via energy supplied by the medium
'ree space, sea water, etc.). Should they exist, new vistas in wave
U
propagation and long distance ranging/detection will result.
DT-ACO
a 7
CONFIDENTIAL/NOFORN
SGU
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